Inspection Training

How to Inspect the Basement Electrical

While the inspector is in the basement they should inspect for any visible electrical defects. Please review the entire procedure below.


International Standards of Practice for Performing a General Home Inspection


3.7. Electrical


I. The inspector shall inspect:



II. The inspector shall describe:



III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction:



IV. The inspector is not required to:


Axium SOP Differences

Axium Requires: The inspector will check the electrical in the basement to make sure that it is secured properly and there are no wire splices or any other issues.


Tools Needed

The inspector might need to use the non-contact voltage tester to check for any live wires in the basement.



  • While inspecting the basement we will want to check all of the visible electrical components that are present. There are no pictures required for this section unless there is a defect. We want to make sure that we check all of the electrical components in the entire basement for any issues.

Common Defects

  • There is an improper splice connection at an electrical component in the basement.
  • There is a need for a cover plate or for electrical components to be placed inside a cover plate.
  • A light fixture needs to be installed in the basement.
  • There are recessed lights in the basement with no clearance.

Common Mistakes

  • Not checking all of the electrical components in the basement.


Report / Software


  • All visible electrical components in the crawl space were in serviceable condition at time of inspection.


  • The basement electrical could not be properly evaluated. The visible electrical components appeared to be in satisfactory condition.


  • N/A


  • [word 1] in the basement [word 2]. A qualified contractor should evaluate and repair or replace as necessary and according to current standards. Identify
    • A light fixture
    • A loose wire end
    • A loose wire splice
    • A Splice box
    • A whole house fan
    • An attic fan
    • An exhaust fan
    • An extension cord used as permanent wiring
    • Damaged or exposed wiring
    • Loose wire ends
    • Splice Boxes
    • Three (or more) electrical splices
    • Two electrical splices
      • Defect:
        • Has improper splice connection of romex and “knob and tubing”
        • Need Coverplates
        • Need placing in boxes with coverplates
        • Needs a Coverplate
        • Needs electrical splice placed inside access panel
        • Needs light fixture installed
        • Needs placing inside a box with a coverplate
        • Recessed lights no clearance