Inspection Training

How to Inspect the Basement Ceiling/1st Floor Structure

While the inspector is in the basement they should inspect the first floor structure. Please review the entire procedure below.


International Standards of Practice for Performing a General Home Inspection


3.3. Basement, Foundation, Crawlspace & Structure


I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The foundation.

B. The basement.


II. The inspector shall describe:
A. The type of foundation.


III. The inspector shall report as in need of correction:

B. Observed indications of active water penetration.
C. Observed indications of possible foundation movement, such as sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames, and un-level floors.
D. Any observed cutting, notching and boring of framing members that may, in the inspector’s opinion, present a structural or safety concern.


IV. The inspector is not required to:

B. Move stored items or debris.
D. Identify the size, spacing, span or location or determine the adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems.
E. Provide any engineering or architectural service.
F. Report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.


Axium SOP Differences

Axium Requires: The inspector will check the basement ceiling/1st floor structure for any damage and to make sure it looks like it was constructed properly.


Tools Needed

No tools required to inspect the Basement Ceiling/1st Floor Structure.


  • While inspecting the basement you should check the first floor structure to make sure that it is in serviceable condition and there is no damage. There is one picture required for this section and it should show the first floor structure of the basement.

Common Defects

  • There are no defects for this section but if you see damage to the first floor structure you should create a blank statement and describe the damage that you see.


Common Mistakes

  • Not walking around and checking the entire first floor structure of the basement.
  • Not taking a clear picture of the first floor structure.


Report / Software


  • The ceiling of the basement and floor structure of the first floor appeared to be inacceptable condition at time of inspection.


  • Most of the ceilings in the basement were covered and structural members were not visible. (If any structural members were visible, no problems were observed at the time of the inspection).


  • The ceiling of the basement and floor structure of the first floor appeared to be in acceptable condition at time of inspection.


  • N/A